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Building Academic Vocabulary

By Lawrence J. Zwier

Including, Making Up

Group1 Group2 Group3 Group4
consist of involve constitute conprehensive
comprise encompass make up all told
be composed of include form mainstream
contain

Excluding, Not Being Part of

Group1 Group2 Group3 Group4
anomalous keep out filter rogue
exception exclude screen outcast
egregious ban alien
marginal

Equivalence, Similarity

Group1 Group2 Group3 Group4 Group5
equality parallel alike just as conterpart
parity echo identical likewise clone
equivalent image

Difference, Inequality

Group1 Group2 Group3 Group4 Group5 Group6
disparity differ differentiate discrete heterogeneous contrast
inequality diverge distinguish disparate diverse discrepancy
gap

Changes, Increases, Decreases

Group1 Group2 Group3 Group4
alter transform raise reduce
modify redesign rise diminish
transition restructure accelerate contract
expand decline

Links, Correlations, Happening Together

Group1 Group2 Group3 Group4 Group5
link accompany characteristic of in conjunction with imply
correlation go along with associated with to the degree that infer

Causes and Effects

Group1 Group2 Group3 Group4 Group5
stem from lead to render favor be resonsible for
be due to yield make promote porvoke
derive from generate be blamed for

Permitting, Making Easier

Group1 Group2 Group3 Group4 Group5 Group6
permit permissive consent exempt facilitate clear the way for
allow lenient approval excuse ease remove obstacles to

Stopping, Preventing

Group1 Group2 Group3 Group4 Group5
halt restrict forbid prevent hinder
cease restrain deny forestall block
suspend deter

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